Agarwood – “The wood of the Gods”
“The wood of the Gods’” – this is the name of agarwood. And many name to call the infected wood of the Aquilaria trees: Aloes wood, eaglewood, jinkoh, gaharu, oud.
Agarwood has a very long history. It originates in North Eastern India, Bhutan and parts of South East Asia – especially Vietnam and Cambodia – the Philippines, and Indonesia, including Papau New Guinea.
The many names of agarwood in different cultures:
- In Hindi and Urdu, it is known as agar,which is originally Sanskrit, also aguru
- In Bengal, agarwood as known as agar gaach
- In Assamese, it is often called “sasi” or” sashi”
- Agarwood Vietnam is known as Trầm hương in Vietnamese, chénxiāng in Chinese, jinkō in Japanese
- In Europe, another name is Lignum quila – eagle wood, Agilawood because of the similarity in sound of agila.
- Aloeswood is also known a name of agarwood in Europe, But this is potentially confusing,Aloe has medicinal uses.
- Malay and Indonesian, the name is gaharu
- HongKong,they called Aloeswood.
- In Thailand, it is known as “ Mai Kritsana”
- In Myanmar, it is called “ Thit Mhwae”
- In Laos, it is “ Mai Ketsana”
- In Sri Lanka, agarwood is known as “ Walla Patta”
Agarwood is a dark resinous heartwood that forms in Aquilaria and Gyrinops trees when they become infected with a type of mould. The following species of Aquilaria produce agarwood
- Aquilaria khasiana, found in Bangladesh and India.
- Aquilaria apiculina, found in Philippines
- Aquilaria acuminata, found in Papua New Guinea, Indonesia & Philippines
- Aquilaria baillonil, found in Thailand and Cambodia
- Aquilaria baneonsis, found in Vietnam
- Aquilaria beccariana, found inIndonesia
- Aquilaria brachyantha, found in Malaysia
- Aquilaria crassna found in Cambodia,Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam
- Aquilaria cumingiana, found in Indonesia and Malaysia
- Aquilaria filaria, found in New Guinea, theMoluccas, and Mindanao (Philippines)
- Aquilaria grandiflora, found in China
- Aquilaria hirta, found in Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia
- Aquilaria malaccensis, found in Malaysia, Thailand, and India
- Aquilaria microcapa, found in Indonesia and Malaysia
- Aquilaria rostrata, found in Malaysia
- Aquilaria sinensis, found in China
- Aquilaria subintegra, found in Thailand